7 April 2018

Quick Pouch for EMT Shears

EMT Shear Pouch

 Found time to sew up a batch of pouches for the new EMT Shears. This order was not lost in the mail, unlike the first order. Used Amazon.ca and to cover my bets I ordered from two sources. Not complaining, you really cannot have too many pairs of EMT Shears. 

Every good field first aid kit needs a pair of EMT Shears. To keep those cutters close, you also need a pouch. These are only basic pouches but the hook & loop fastener allows multiple mounting options on gear or belts. 

I built all four pouches in about 2 1/2 to 3 hours. I was not keeping track of the time. They did not take long. I had misplaced my old design page so I had to design and take notes on the first one, so that slowed me down a bit. 

Minimal materials were required. Plans are here to help those who need a pouch for their EMT Shears. Just remember to tell everyone where you got the plans from. 


Bits & Pieces, Early On
Here are a couple, in progress pics to show that I really do make these items. 

Until next time,
Make some gear!!!


Mountainman.
First Pouch Complete

A Herd of EMT Shears in Pouches

First Aid Gear Found on Amazon

17 March 2018

Divide & Conquer: The Global Elites vs Everyone Else.....A Conspiracy Tale

Like the Glacier, Dividing & Conquering the Mountain....so, too, for Global Elites

Today, we will explore a sordid tale of power, greed, deceit, deception by a dark, shadowy cabal who seem to be immortal. Although, this will be a fictional tale - it most certainly was inspired by real events: past and present. May all readers awaken & take back what is ours before it is, too late. The future is not set..........

If I wanted to take over the world, how would I go about it?? What would be priority points of control?? Whom would I exploit to achieve my goal?? How would I keep the sheep calm as the wolves circled in for the kill?? What technique would be best to confuse or silence those who bleated loudest, who tried to warn the others??

DIVIDE & CONQUER: The GLOBAL ELITES vs Everyone Else......A Conspiracy Tale

School shootings, are they a sign of the times or are they part of a more sinister plot to control the masses. A plot by a shadowy minority of very, very wealthy elites?? School shootings, terrorism, home invasions, carjackings as well as, good old fashion war; are all means to keep the majority of the population in a state of fear. FEAR is a powerful weapon. It suppresses reason and logic. It pumps toxic chemicals into the bloodstream to prevent higher level thinking and decision making. Fear elicits the most primal state in humans.......fight or flight. Through effective social engineering over the last 50 to 100 years, fight has almost been removed as an option for most people. That means when the fear level is turned up, people's only response will be to run. Running in a state of fear is similar to running in a long, dark tunnel....you only see the bright light at the end, you never see the attacking wolves who are waiting in the shadows, until it is too late. 

How the hell did we get here, to this point?? Suicide bombings on trains and bus stops. School shootings. Housing bubbles. Family cars costing $50K. Bankrupt pension funds. 

Let us introduce the Global Elites and one of their favourite tools - the false economy. The Elites are band of thieves, pirates, con men, bankers, politicians, and industrialists. They owe loyalty only to themselves. They are not conservative. They are not liberal. They are not democrats. They are not republicans. They are not socialists. They are not communists. They are not fascists. They are not religious. They are not inventors. They are not entrepreneurs. They are not scientists.  

THEY ARE ELITISTS! 

From their point-of-view, everyone and everything on this planet is theirs, to use and abuse as they see fit. They do not need your approval. They already own you, your family, your car(s), your home, your job, your pension.....basically, they own your life. You just don't know it yet. Which is the way they like it.

The Elites want it all and the time is coming when they will take it.

Although, they are only loyal to themselves, they will use any & all means to deny you and me from enjoying life by throwing in artificial distractions to keep our attention away from what and how the Elites weasel control away from the peoples of planet Earth. They use CHAOS to create & maintain the divide between  all of us. Together we can enjoy life, work together & achieve great things. The chaos create by the Global Elites is the wedge that drives people apart, they focus all the energy on what makes us different and they magnify and amplify this time & time, again. Over & over. Any time the people are about to come together and overcome any difference real or perceived, the Global Elites inject another wedge. 

These wedges can be based on economics, politics, religion, education or ideology. Any topic that can be a black & white topic will be exploited by the Elites, to ensure you and your neighbour will have something to drive you apart. When you are in conflict with your neighbour you are too distracted to see the Elites robbing the planet. That is what the Elites do best - divide to conquer. And no method or technique is off limits to them. They are so far above the law they are never concerned of being caught nor facing the consequences for their actions.

The Elites are like a young boy who finds a column of ants on a Summer's day. The sky is clear, the sun is shining and the ants are the new plaything. This boy has access to many tools and is mildly curious about the ants. He observes the ants carrying an odd assortment of items towards the ant hill 50 yards away and the other ants returning without a load to collect more for the collective. As curiosity wanes, new thoughts enter the boys mind......can ants swim?? So, he drops an ant into a puddle. How long can an ant hold its breathe?? Puts another ant into the puddle and weighs it down with a pebble. Who is tougher an ant or a spider?? The boy drops an ant into a spiders web. The boy wanders off as he has become bored watching the ants. He goes to the backyard to use his magnifying lens to burn his name into the planks on the side of the tool shed. New idea flashes in his mind......I wonder if ants burn?? He runs to the ant column with his magnifying lens. Zap. Zap. Zap. Wow! Them little ants sure burn up fast. Soon, even destroying the ants with his magnifying lens grows boring. The ground is covered in burnt-out ant carcases. But, then the boy notices the ants are being carried back to the ant hill by other ants. He runs to the tool shed and grabs a hammer. Returning to the ant column he now decides to destroy all the ants and for the next hour or so he walks up and down the column smashing the ants with the hammer. The ant bodies or parts of bodies cover a path 50 yards long. The boy decides to take on the whole ant hill, smashing into the sides with the hammer. But the hill is soft and the hammer has little effect, but now the ants are excited and defending their home. Millions & millions of ants exit the damaged hill and many climb up the legs of the boy and bite him relentlessly. He slaps at the ants but they keep coming. They keep biting. The boy runs home to tell his dad he has been attacked by really mean ants. His father, who also does not like ants, goes to the tool shed and removes the jerry can of fuel for the lawn mower. He walks over to the ant hill and washes it with a generous amount of fuel and the drops a lit match and enjoys the destruction of the source of his son's pain.

You are the ant. The boy is the Global Elite. The father is the Overlords.

When the Elites kill the ants, they do not care. Your life does not matter to the Elites. An Elite barely cares when another Elite goes down, unless there is an attack against all of the Elites. Then. Then they muster up all their evil to rain down on the ants without remorse, without relief, without quarter. 

Like the boy, the Elites play around with ways to test the capacity of the people of this planet and ultimately to see what will destroy the people. It would seem that for as long as gold has been around the Elites have been trying to control the supply so only they have it. I am not an expert in banking, economics, investing nor currency; but the Elites are. They have used the False Economy to dominate & crush the real economy. They use financial instruments like a soldier uses his arsenal to achieve military goals. The Elites are seemingly patient, as they can wait a generation or two to see a plan come to fruition. Financial/economic warfare does take time to become effective but no one gets shot. Worse than shot, economic warfare ends in millions suffering slow, painful deaths by starvation, disease or poverty. All the wile, the Elites make millions or billions or trillions on that suffering. 

These financial/economic tools include: fractional reserve currency, IMF, hedge funds, derivatives, bailouts, compound interest, short selling, Ponzi scheme, and insider-trading. (Web of Debt by Ellen Brown is a great source of wisdom on this)

When subtle methods are not enough to distract the masses, then less subtle means are employed. In the olden days, that meant war! Today, people are not easily led down this path, so alternate means to the same end  are created. Terrorism is one of the strongest tools in this tool box of fear & violence. The enemy is not easily identified, like a national armies that go to war. Any act can be claimed by a terror group and thus perpetuate the cycle of fear - any where, anytime. But, this is not a one tool tool box. Assassination is another tool used to drive home the message, we can reach you any where, any time.  The subjects of assassination are usually persons who will not kneel before the Elites and are thus seen as a threat to all Elites. The challenge with using violence as a tool is the subjects become numbed over time. The sheer terror of the attacks means that attacks have to get more & more violent and cross more & more lines of unacceptable behaviour, to hold the attention of the people who are already living in FEAR. These acts will get worse and worse.

However, acts of terror & violence are not used in isolation. The Elites also own & control the means of publishing & projecting this information around the planet 24 hours a day, 365 days a year. The Elites control what you see, hear and read. To keep you in a constant state of FEAR, they messages on all means of information transmit the same message - "The World is an Unsafe Place to be. Keep your head down, go to work, pay your taxes and you might just live to the end of your life." Living in FEAR in NOT LIVING. Surviving but NOT living.

So, the Global Elites control the economy, the banks, the currency, the chaos, the communication of information, and most likely education, too.

Here is a simple diagram of the Hierarchy:




Hierarchy of the Global Elites
With less than 1% of the population holding more than 99% of the material wealth on this planet, how do the 99%+ of the planet's people get the planet back??

Education & cooperation are the secrets to defeating this Goliath. The Global Elites have one fear, and only one fear - the people of the planet will wake-up, work together and take back the planet. The Elites wealth is an illusion, that they created. An illusion so powerful, hardly anyone is aware that it is not real. If everyone was to say tomorrow that bottle caps were the new world currency. Then the Global Elites would be powerless. Their paper money would be worthless. The banks would collapse. Currency is there to record an exchange of work/services for goods. Money is the current means of this transfer. But a dollar bill is no more real than a Popsicle stick or a bottle cap. The people can decide which means/symbol of value is used to conduct transactions. Until more people wake up, the Global Elites will continue to brainwash those who refuse to think for themselves that the illusion of paper currency is the only means for conducting financial transactions. A means the Elites control.

Working together and building together will make stronger communities and stronger nations.

Why haven't the Elites taken total control??

The Internet & private firearms ownership. 

The Internet is on the list for take-over & control by the Global Elites. They do not want the free exchange of ideas between people. They do not want an alternate source of information to be available to those who can see the lies on main stream media, the newspapers & magazines, They want to control the message on social media, until there is only one point-of-view that will be acceptable......theirs. If you want an opinion, the Elites will give it to you - at interest, of course. 

With an open means of communication, people can share ideas, plan & organize. That makes the Internet a powerful weapon against the Global Elites. They will continue their attack on open communication systems until it is destroyed, minimized or controlled. If the Internet goes down, the end is near.

Private firearms ownership is the pivotal piece in the Global Elites attack on all people on the planet. Once most of the privately owned firearms are in the hands of the Elites, it will be very, very difficult for the people of the planet to stand up against the tyranny that will follow. The Elites will continue to orchestrate more & more horrific attacks against schools, churches, shopping malls, sporting events, mass public transit and private homes, until the public is beaten into submission that it is guns that are evil and should be taken away. 

Understand, the Global Elites think you are those little ants. Your lives do not matter. They are planning to kill you or enslave you. The Elites do not care if they have you killed 10, 20 , 30 or 100 at a time or if it is 10 million at a time. YOU DO NOT MATTER. The Elites only want enough people left on the planet to serve as concubines, workers in the fields & servants to cook, clean & maintain. Any more than that, is a burden on their time, their resources and their peace of mind. Say this together: MY LIFE DOES NOT MATTER. Say it again. Again. Again. If you believe that shit, you will make a fine slave to the Elites.

So, until more of the people of this fine planet wake up. We need to keep the Internet up and we need to keep firearms - of all types, in the hands of the people. We need to build stronger communities. Neighbours need to know their neighbours. Once everyone is awake and working together. Then we can resolve the issue of Global Elitism. They are not above us. They do not own us. They will not control us. 

The Global Elites will continue their attacks against the people of the planet. Their use divide & conquer. It has been very successful, so far. Wake up people. Wake up. The time is now. Get educated. Become situationally aware. Know what is happening around you. Turn off your cable TV. Stop buying the Wall Street Journal. Get up to speed on current events. The Global Elites are using you and your friends. Look to what joins us all together and do not allow the wedge of Divide & Conquer to find a place in your relationships. Forgive those who may get distracted by the Elites. Work together. Educate together. Build together. 


Mountainman.




SAFE Level One Lesson Plan - Part 1 of 5




I am going to post a five part series of lesson plans for the Situational Awareness For Everyone (S.A.F.E.) level one course I developed at SATAS Co. I believe those in the emergency preparedness community will find this very helpful. This course is designed to be meaningful to all citizens. You are free to review this material, you may even share this material - so long as links to the original material and credit are given to this author, me, V. Andrew McMillan of SATAS Co. www.SATAS4.me
Lesson Plan
Topic/Title: Introduction to SAFE/Adapt. Improvise. Overcome. A Survival Mindset.
Presenter/Instructor: V. Andrew McMILLAN
Lesson Length: 20 Minutes
Required Resources:
Supplies/Reference Materials
Demo Items
Handouts
Projector/Blackboard/Whiteboard
Pens, Pencils & Stationery (PP&S)
Introduction:
Welcome to SAFE. Situational Awareness For Everyone. The SAFE program is divided into three levels: SAFE One is for developing personal level situational awareness, SAFE Two is directed at developing family level situational awareness and SAFE Three is focused on developing community level situational awareness.
This is the first lesson for the SAFE One program. In the next twenty minutes or so, you will be introduced to situational awareness and critical thinking. The best way to do this will be to explore my paper: Adapt. Improvise. Overcome. A Survival Mindset. Which is published on my Mountainman's Mantra Blog. http://mtnmanblog.blogspot.ca/2014/01/adapt-improvise-overcome-survival.html
This is the first step in an exciting journey of self-awareness, that I hope leads to a safe and fulfilling life. Shall we begin...........
Main Topic:
Adapt. Improvise. Overcome.
A Survival Mindset
Survival, what is it?? What is survival training?? What do we need to know?? How do we avoid survival gimmicks??
Survival is the art of information management, more specifically the management of knowledge. Survival is a state-of-mind, more than a set of skills. Yes, having skills is important to surviving, but not the most important. The most important tool in your survival kit is your mind!!
It is the training/programming of our mind that is the key to survival in any situation, in any climate, in any season, on any part of planet Earth. Your mind must be trained/programmed to be constantly observing the world around you, taking in the changing conditions (weather, politics, economics, etc) and constantly assessing what level of risk these changes present to you and your family. Your mind needs to be interpreting the risks and devising strategies to avoid or mitigate each risk. This happens hundreds to thousands a time each day, every day.
Should you take a wilderness survival course?? Yes. In fact, you should take every survival course you can afford to take. You should also take courses on first aid, to the highest possible level. Navigation. Languages. Threat analysts & Risk assessments. Communication. Shelters & Construction. Water & Purification. Energy & Generation. History. Politics. Economics. And How Things Work/Made. And, if you are not able to attend courses on these subjects, then visit a library & read as many books on these subjects that you can.
As I stated at the beginning, Survival is the art of information/knowledge management. The more you know, the more situations you can survive. Here are two examples:
#1. Lighting a fire. There are hundreds of techniques to light a fire. Fire is important because it can keep you warm in cool/cold climates, it can cook your food, signal for help and it can be used to boil water to purify it so it is safe to drink. If you only know how to start a fire with a gallon of gasoline and a strike anywhere match, when you do not have a match or gasoline you will not survive. If, on the other hand, you have mastered a fire bow, flint & steel or a 9V battery with steel wool, you options for lighting a fire are 300% greater. (Never trust the use of percentages in written material.) So, the more methods of lighting a fire, the better chance you have for success and survival. Thus, the skill of fire lighting is important, but having your mind programmed with as many methods of starting a fire and being able to access that knowledge that is most important. Remember, you may need to adapt multiple methods to achieve success in severe conditions.
#2. Driving Routes. What does driving and survival have in common, you may ask. First, it is the process of programming your mind correctly and second, transportation during a crisis or natural disaster may determine who gets to safety and who becomes a statistic. For the purpose of this exercise you live in suburbia or a bedroom community to a major urban centre. On a good day, the commute is 43 minutes from your driveway to the parking lot at work. If you only know one route to work/home and you do not listen to the road reports on the trip to or fro; eventually, there will be a traffic snarl-up that causes your route to become clogged with vehicles. The 43 minutes becomes 2 hours and your boss is choked because you missed the meeting with the most important client your firm has ever had. And since you had the presentation on why the partnership would benefit both companies, your absence lost your company the opportunity to grow. Or worse, because you were late getting home your 9 year old daughter, who after waiting for more than an hour sitting on the front porch, accepted an invitation to enter the home of a friendly chap. Seemed like a nice guy, but now pictures of your naked daughter are floating around cyber-space. Cause and effect. (Critical thinking moment – why use such a fear based example?? Stress induced lessons allow the student to learn faster and retain the information longer.) It all comes down to managing information and knowledge. If you knew 36 different routes home and listened to the traffic report you could adapt your route to streets with less traffic and you would be home in an hour and a quarter, instead of 2+ hours. Transportation, whether hiking a long trail system or driving a regular route; the more information you have at the time, the better your decisions are for adjusting your route to the current conditions. This is survival thinking, having a survival mindset.
The mind is your survival toolbox, the more tools you put in, the greater your chance of survival/success in any given situation. Physical tools can be improvised from the environment around us. Again, the more knowledge you have the better your chances. If you need an axe, one could be fashioned from a chunk of scrap metal and a willow branch, the axe head would be tied in place with a shoe lace. But if you have no idea how tools are made/constructed, then even having all the components laying around will not help if do not recognize them. (Critical thinking moment – what other situations in life are presented like this?? Do we always recognize the tools around us??)
So, what do you need to know?? You need to know what can and will kill you – any day, everyday. We have the rules of three's:
3 minutes without oxygen you die
3 hours without shelter you die
3 days without water you die
3 weeks without food you die
3 months without companionship you die
Base your quest for knowledge on the rule of three's. Learn first aid, to the highest level. If you or someone you care about cannot breathe they die. There is no sugar coating this. Shelter includes the clothes you wear everyday, as well as, any structure you work, play or live-in that provides a controlled environment – constant temperature, protection from the wind, rain or snow. Know how to make water safe to drink. If the water stops coming out of the taps at the kitchen sink you know how-to get water for your family and make it safe for them to drink. Food. This is one of the least important items during a short-term survival situation. The fact is most people in North America and Europe could survival at least 2 weeks without any food at all. Our culture has become fat and lazy, going hungry once in a while would do most folks a whole world of good. Know what it feels like to be hungry. It won't kill you to miss a few meals every now and then. Most folks put more food in the trash each week than the hungry of the world eat each week. Ponder that if you will. Last on our list, companionship, humans are social animals, they thrive with a certain amount of social interaction. Isolation can be made bearable if some form of communication can be established with someone else. Some people require less interaction than others. If you want to test yourself, see how long you can resist watching TV, listening to the radio, checking your Facebook or e-mail, calling on the phone, going out for coffee or any similar activities. Could you stay in your own home for a whole weekend without social contact with anyone else?? Only you can answer this question. If the answer is no. You may want to add to your survival preparations – start/join a community of like-minded folks. So, you can survive with others and then you will not be alone.
You are taking courses, reading, learning, doing. Your mind is a hive of activity. You have plans, back-up plans and plans to back them up, too. You can light a fire on an ice cube in a gale. You can convert a scrapyard into a convention centre. You can even teach others how-to start training their survival mind-set. But what about all that cool gear. Everyone sells it. You can find survival gear on Amazon.com, at the hardware store, the fishing & hunting store, camping shops, heck, even some grocery stores have a survival section now-a-days. How do I separate the gimmicks from the really useful survival tools?? And what tools do I need?? Let's start by separating the chaff from the wheat, so to speak. No, you do not have to throw your gear into the wind. First, look at the quality of the materials and the quality of the construction. Just because it costs more does not mean it is made better or made from superior materials. You need the knowledge of how things are made and what constitutes quality materials. Fancy packaging and big claims by marketing firms does not equate to a quality piece of gear. That is just hype. If a product requires hype to sell it, the item is probably a piece-of-crap. Don't buy hype or into the hype.
Quality gear, built/made by quality manufactures will cost more than cheap, assembly-line products from China. But, you have to know what to look for on any given piece of gear. Sometimes, the no name made in China product is the exact same piece of gear sold by XYZ Corp from Little Town, USA. If you know your stuff, deals can be had and pitfalls avoided; but that success or failure rests on your shoulders. How you spend your money will determine what gear is available. If it doesn't sell, they stop making it – this is a double-edged sword. If you do not buy quality gear from quality gear makers they will go out of business. If you continue to buy the cheapest gear; that crud will never go away. Use your purchasing power wisely. The peak of quality gear is learning how-to make it yourself. Once you can build a knife from scratch, or a backpack/gear vest or even a log cabin, you can fend for yourself without Wal-Mart, Costco or the internet.
Adapt. Improvise. Overcome. The three words you hear all the time when you are soldier learning to survive on a battlefield. Failure is not an option. Failure = death, your death. You learn to adapt to your surroundings. Improvise whatever you have in your hands, rucksack or on the ground around you. Overcome any and all obstacles that stand between you and your objective.
Questions From Class (QFC):
Review:
In this lesson we have explored situational awareness and critical thinking using my paper: Adapt. Improvise. Overcome. A Survival Mindset. This was an indirect approach to this topic but I hope it has illustrated, in a real world way, the need to know what is happening around us. Not just in times of crisis, but everyday.
Questions To Class (QTC):
Summation:
You have been an attentive class and I think many of you have shown a genuine interest in this topic. (You have asked excellent questions.)
I think you have taken an important first SAFE step in becoming a more aware person. And I believe as you continue on your path of becoming situationally aware, you will find this knowledge will assist you in many other aspects of your life.
Thank you.
Your next lesson is with: ____________________________________________
Who will be discussing: ____________________________________________
At: ________ hrs, in the main lecture room. (or __________________________.)

Part two will follow in the next day or two. Thank you for reading. V.A.M.

I have now re-published all five parts of the Situational Awareness For Everyone (S.A.F.E.) Level One Lesson Plans here on Mountainman's Mantra. I truly hope this material will help at least one person out there. In the near future I will develop an instructor's guide and a student's workbook from this material as well. I will post links when that becomes a reality. 
Until next time.....keep on learning!!
Mountainman.

SAFE Level One Lesson Plan - Part 2 of 5




This is part two of a five part series of lesson plans for the Situational Awareness For Everyone (S.A.F.E.) level one course I developed at SATAS Co. I believe those in the emergency preparedness community will find this very helpful. This course is designed to be meaningful to all citizens. You are free to review this material, you may even share this material - so long as links to the original material and credit are given to this author, me, V. Andrew McMillan of SATAS Co. www.SATAS4.me
Lesson Plan
Topic/Title: Thinking Beyond 72 Hours – An Exercise In Critical Thinking
Presenter/Instructor: V. Andrew McMillan
Lesson Length: 90 Minutes
Required Resources:
Supplies/Reference Materials
Demo Items
Handouts – Self-Evaluation Form & Skills Audit
Projector/Blackboard/Whiteboard
Pens, Pencils & Stationery (PP&S)
Introduction:
Welcome. This is our second lesson for SAFE One. I hope you enjoyed the previous lesson.
Before we engage with our new lesson I would like to define: Situational Awareness – (1) The art of knowing what is happening around you, recognizing threats/hazards, contriving a response plan & then putting your plan into action to minimize risk to your personal survival. (2) Is the sphere around a person which the person is aware of in the physical, emotional, spiritual, intellectual, meta-physical and/or psychological planes of existence. This is the BUBBLE, more specifically, this is your BUBBLE. Tactical Assessment – Is the critical thinking process when something enters your BUBBLE. Is it a THREAT?? Do you NEED to deal with it?? What SKILLS do you need to deal with it?? Do you HAVE those skills?? Did you ACT/REACT in the situation?? What did you LEARN?? What will you do next time??
I have found that using real world examples helps keep learning in focus and cross-trains our minds to look at everyday life from a new perspective. So, in this lesson I would like to take the 72 Hour Plan to the next level. The government has endorsed every citizen to be ready for at least the first 72 hours in any type of natural disaster or man-made emergency because if the event is too big or effects too many people, it may take days or weeks for first responders to reach all areas. The 72 hour kit, reduces the strain on the emergency response system, by allowing survivors to be self-sustaining for the first 3 days after the event. However, if the event is too large or covers too much area, 72 hours is not going to be enough. So, today, I want to explore preparing for the period after 72 hours. What to expect. Who to expect it from. What you can do to save your family and friends. Thinking Beyond 72 Hours – An Exercise In Critical Thinking.
Main Topic:
In the pamphlet, Your Emergency Preparedness Guide (ISBN: 978-0-662-45388-8) from Public Safety Canada; you are given the basics for a 72 Hour Kit. You are told to know your hazards, make a plan, make a kit and be ready to respond.
The pamphlet is a little thin on details and too limited on items to pack in your kit to be helpful to most citizens. Thus, most folks will not follow through, because if the government does not take this seriously, why should I?? That kind of thinking works well if you want, or expect, the government to hold your hand and take care of you during a disaster. Problem is, the level of care being offered is very primitive and privacy is not a consideration. You owe it to your family and yourself to strive for more. But to get more, you have to do some work before an emergency happens. That starts right now.
Your family needs an all risks emergency plan. You need to know what may happen in your specific area. You need to know how to prepare for those type of events. You need to have a plan for sheltering-in-place. You need to have an evacuation plan. You need a plan to gather your family together. You need a communications plan. You need a transportation plan. You need a shelter plan. You need a water plan. And, you need a “What if we can never return home plan?”
All of this is introduced in the 72 Hour pamphlet. So, I am assuming you have all done that planning already. You have, haven't you?
To move forward to the period of time after 72 hours we need to have our ducks in a row. Plans. Risk assessments. Kit(s) prepared and in place. We need to be mentally prepared.
Our extended plan must have provisions for:
Water – purification or transporting enough clean water to see you through 14 days. 30 days would be better.
Shelter – you need a weatherproof environment to rest, cook, eat and sleep.
Communication – you need to monitor the news/events and you need to be able to call out from wherever you are to let others know you are safe.
Transportation – you need to have the ability to move from unsafe locations to safe locations.
Nutrition – you need to consume enough healthy calories a day to stay fit and able to care for yourself. Two weeks is good, a month is better.
Warmth – in Canada you need to be able to stay warm without a fire. You need the best sleeping bag system you can afford. Bivy bag. Overbag. Sleeping Bag. Inner bag. Liner. Sleeping Pad.
Insulation/Clothing – you need enough clothes to protect you from the environment, as well as, a set of clothes for work – in case you are evacuated for an extended period of time but still have to show up at work to get paid.
Medical & Dental – you need to be able to care for minor medical and dental situations that may arise. First aid kit, first aid training and dental kits.
Fire – you need a fire kit. With enough supplies to start a fire in ANY weather condition.
Illumination – you want to be able to see or be seen at night. Solar or battery powered LED flashlights or headlamps would be a good first choice. Candles are a good back-up.
Repair Kit – you need the tools and the “know how” to do basic repairs.
Sanitation – you will need supplies to keep clean and contend with human waste disposal.
Protection – you may need to provide your own protection to your family from wild animals or desperate people.
We will proceed to explore each topic in greater depth.
Water:
Everybody in Canada needs at least 2 litre of drinking water a day PLUS another 2 litres for cooking and cleaning. No matter what causes the disaster, you need to stockpile or have the ability to collect and purify 4 litres of water per person per day.
Water weighs 1 kg per litre. A month's supply of water takes up 120 litres of space and weighs 120 kg's, per person. For a family of four that is 480 litres of space and 480 kg's of mass. Big and heavy. Without water you die. No sugar-coating this fact of survival. After oxygen to breath, water is the next most important item to individual survival. This is universal to all citizens of planet Earth. What does vary is the volume needed to keep you alive.
If you cannot store enough water; you need another strategy to make water clean enough to drink. The three main methods of cleaning water are:
1.Filter it
2.Treat it with chemicals, or
3.Boil it
Once you have cleaned the water you need to store the clean water until it has been consumed.
Shelter:
Without shelter, you will be exposed to the elements. Even in the warmth of Summer, your survival time when totally exposed can be measured in hours, in the Winter only minutes.
So, shelter is also an important consideration for longer term survival after a disaster. If you do not take the time, effort and resources to prepare ahead of time you will severely limit your options after an event. Thankfully, after most disasters in Canada – either the government or the Red Cross will setup temporary housing for survivors. These shelters are not where you want to end up.
Longer term shelter options include:
Tents
Campers
RV Trailers
Cabins
Friends or Relatives Home's
Alternate shelters can be constructed from tarps and timbers, if you have the know-how and the tools. Knowledge, skills and experience are more important & valuable than shiny items in an expensive bug-out kit. Use your time now, to get the knowledge, skills and experience you need to survive after a disaster.
Communication:
Comms = Knowledge. This is a two way process. First you need information about what is happening around you and your family – before, during and after a disaster. Second, you need to tell loved ones that you are safe. Or, you are safe at the moment but need help to get to some place safer.
Also, communication is very helpful to get family members to a common location – a rally or rendezvous point, to facilitate linking up and bugging out together.
Your communications plan could have contingencies for linking up in the event of loss of comms. Your plan could include what channel to use on your CB or GMRS radio. Or whom to contact outside the effected disaster area to relay messages by cellphone or text messages.
If you had to evacuate, it may be necessary to leave messages or contact information at the Red Cross or Evacuation Centre, you may want to have a simple code for leaving plain language messages in public areas. These messages may indicate which direction or location you are headed for or how long you will wait for them to rendezvous at a given location.
To receive information, you want to own at least one portable AM/FM radio or AM/FM/SW radio. Grundig or Eton set the standard for good quality radios. Spare batteries or alternate power would be a wise idea – solar or wind-up. (Show examples to class.)
Transportation:
You need to be ready to move during any disaster. To this end, always keep you primary vehicle with not-less-than half a tank of fuel. If you have more than one vehicle, try to keep at least one vehicle full of fuel at all times.
Alternate transportation should be thought out – bicycles, motor bikes, ATV's, watercraft, over snow vehicles, aircraft, and always consider going out on foot.
Until, vehicle transportation is no longer a viable option, plan on moving by vehicle. Why?? Because you can carry more gear and supplies, not to mention you can cover greater distances and it is quick. If you have to evacuate, remember to bring an alternate method of transportation with you – bikes, ATV's or boats. As well as, good hiking shoes or boots in case you end up walking to safety. Carry a fuel resupply with you in jerry cans. This will double the time or distance you can travel without refueling at a gas station. Have cash on hand for fuel. Do not plan that ATM's or credit cards will be working nor accepted by merchants.
Nutrition:
Food is important, but not critical for the first few days. However, if you can be well fed for a week or two to get through the tough parts of a disaster, you can survive on reduced rations or without food for a few weeks. So, use your limited supply of food wisely, eat well until you have water, shelter, firewood, and sanitation systems in place. Then, sit tight and shelter-in-place. Using as few calories as necessary.
Food should be stored in an easily removable container – Rubbermaid Tub. Remember to use two or more tubs, so that the weakest person can lift the food tub into a vehicle. One heavy tub is not helpful, if the tub is left behind.
Inside the food tub, use smaller plastic or metal containers to further protect your food supply. Chose foods that need only heat or heat and water to prepare. Yes, this makes for a pretty plain diet, but a diet you can prepare on the run with minimal supplies. Explore the food options available to you now. What will your family eat?? Can you take those foods with you?? What options can you create to make meals more interesting??
Remember to have some type of drinking crystals or flavourings to add to your treated or filtered water. Tea bags or coffee are also worth their weight in a crisis.
Start small. Assemble enough food for 72 hours, then 7 days, then 14 day and try to get to a point of having 30 days of food ready to go in a plastic tub or two. Store these tubs near the point of exit from your home, so they will not be forgotten in the event of being evacuated.
Ensure each person has a mess kit – plate, bowl, mug/cup, knife, fork, spoon. Either in their personal bugout bag or in the food tubs. (Show examples to class.)
Warmth:
Warmth without fire. This means the best sleeping bag you can afford. You also need a sleeping pad to insulate you from the ground, a bivy bag to protect you from the air, and a sleeping bag liner to keep your sleeping bag clean on the inside. You may also want an inner sleeping bag to add extra warmth and/or an overbag to add warmth.
You may expect that a time or situation arises that requires you to be able to survive in just your sleeping bag gear without extra shelter and without a fire. If it is Winter, this will be a life or death situation.
The cheapest part of this system may be the sleeping pad. You can get away with a 3/8” thick 18” wide X 72” long closed cell foam pad that costs about $14 or you can spend $200+ on a down-filled inflatable sleeping mat. I would suggest spending most of the money on a quality down sleeping bag. If your environment is too damp for down, get the best synthetic fill you can afford. A quality Gore-tex bivy bag can be found at some online surplus stores like The Sportsman's Guide for less than $50 plus shipping. These are used bivy bags but in good condition. I would also suggest using a two bag system so you can double up sleeping bags in cold weather or single bag in warmer weather. (Show examples to class.)
Insulation/Clothing:
Some situations require us to be able to move or be on the move. To this end, we need clothing that can protect us from the elements and provide the ease of movement. Starting from the outer shell and working our way in:
Outer Layer (tops and bottoms):
Needs to be waterproof, windproof and is nice if it is able to breath. Gore-Tex stands out as good choice. A tight canvas and wool jacket may also work.
Middle Layers (tops and bottoms):
This is the insulation layer(s). You need materials that can trap air to help insulate. This can be achieved with down, polar fleece, wool. If the activity level is expected to be low, the insulation level wants to be enough to stay warm without movement.
On the otherhand, if you will be moving a lot, you only need a light insulation.
Inner Layers (tops and bottoms):
These are layers next-to-skin. Underwear and under shirts can be made of cotton. However, the long johns and long sleeve shirt should be polypro, micro-fleece, or silk. Cotton long johns hold too much water when used for prolonged periods of time.
Head, Hands, Feet:
The head should be protected winter and summer. Brimmed hat for protection from the sun or rain. A toque and balaclava make good choices in the winter. Goggles help protect the eyes from wind, rain, snow and bright light.
Hands want to be protected, too. Leather work gloves when doing any type of construction. Glove liners to prevent skin contact with cold items. Fleece or wool gloves over the liners with a leather or Gore-Tex mitt shell on the outside. Gloves promote dexterity, mitts preserve warmth.
Feet. Polypro liner socks next-to-skin, wool work socks over top, then a sturdy boot or mukluk if winter. In extreme cold you may want to have a third sock layer for added insulation, so long as it does not reduce circulation. Always have extra socks so at least one set can be worn, one set can be drying and a third dry set is always ready to be used.
Work clothes:
If you have evacuated from your home, but are still expected to go to your place of employment. Remember to have a set of proper work clothes packed in your evacuation bag. Keep it simple, but useful. You may have to wear the same outfit for a couple of weeks.
Work Footwear:
If possible, keep a practical, sturdy set of work shoes in your evacuation bag. You want to focus on durable and quality over fashion. You may have to evacuate from work, too.
Final Note:
When preparing outer clothing for seasonal conditions, it is a very wise idea to pre-pack mitts, toques, balaclavas, scarves in the pockets of your jackets or parkas. And, while you are at it, it is also worth your time to pre-load a pocket with a length of paracord, Bic lighter and a whistle. These last items can be put in a ziploc bag. A compact LED flashlight or LED headlamp are also good additions. (Show examples to class.)
Medical & Dental:
Do not overlook your basic medical and dental needs. Have a first aid kit with plenty of supplies to treat minor wounds and day-to-day ailments. Over-the-counter medicines to treat upset stomach, diarrhea, nausea, headaches, fever and allergies, are always a good and safe choice. If you have young children, ensure children's medicines are included. Ensure you have taken a recognized first aid course, so you have the skills to use the tools.
Teeth. Tooth paste, tooth brush and dental floss, at the very minimum. Emergency tooth repair kit takes this to the next level. A broken tooth with no dentist can be a very painful ordeal to endure. Clove oil can help reduce pain of broken teeth or exposed nerves.
Do not forget to bring at least a month's supply of prescription medications. Talk with your doctor, you may be able to get an extra prescription for your bugout bag.
Fire:
And fire made it good! Yes, yes it did. With fire humans can endure almost anything. So, you need to be able to start a fire in any conditions, any place at anytime. You need fire making supplies and you need fire making skills. Skills need to be practiced, often.
Can you make a fire without a match, lighter or gallon of gasoline?? If not, now is the time to start learning other methods. Those other methods need to be practiced.
A basic fire kit includes:
At least 3 different fire starting methods – matches, lighters, fire steel
Tinder – petroleum jelly on cotton balls, candle stubs, dryer lint, “Zip” firestarter
Magnesium bar
Waterproof case
Do not forget to consider a good knife, axe, saw & shovel for your vehicle. These tools will assist in making a fire. (Show examples to class.)
Illumination:
Humans do not like the dark, under normal conditions. Under extreme conditions like a disaster, being the dark brings all primal fears to foremost of our thoughts. To combat the fear, you need to illuminate the darkness.
I suggest at least 3 types of light:
1)Light without flame or battery – chemical light sticks
2)Battery powdered LED flashlight, headlight, or lantern
3)Flaming light – candles, lanterns, torches
For long term emergencies lights/lamps that have rechargeable batteries are a good idea. Recharge using solar power or built-in hand cranks prolong the units usefulness. Think long term when putting your kit together. Good quality items that will last, should be a primary consideration. (Show examples to class.)
Repair Kit:
If you have taken the time to get quality items for your evacuation kit, then protect you investment by ensuring you have the tools and supplies to make field repairs to your kit. Otherwise, items are just disposable, in that once it is broken or jammed you just throw it away because you cannot repair it.
This extends beyond just the items in your evacuation pack, it includes repair kits for your home, your vehicle(s) and even your tools for work.
If your portable shelter is a tent or tarp, ensure you can replace broken buckles, zippers or grommets. (Show examples to class.)
Sanitation:
If the power goes out, in all likelihood you will soon lose water delivery and septic removal. So, where are you going to go to the bathroom?? Large quantities of surface stored fecal matter will soon lead to the spread of disease. Will you just build a latrine in the flowerbed in front of your house?? Or maybe just empty your chamber pot off your 15 floor balcony??
To prevent getting or spreading disease you need to have a plan for dealing with urine and fecal matter. It will be a daily issue. The more people in one location the larger and more important this issue becomes.
Do you have a portable toilet unit?? Where do you empty it?? Can you make a composting toilet?? Do you have a supply of heavy-duty contractor garbage bags to contain the human waste?? Shovel to dig a latrine?? Lime powder to control bacterial growth in a latrine pit??
Solve this now, because you may be too busy later.
Protection:
As we have recently learned, during an emergency you need to protect your family, your home, your possessions from:
Fire
Water
Wind
Hail
Criminals
&
The Police/government
And the last group, is added with sadness. It is really too bad we can no longer trust our elected representatives or their agents to protect us or our possessions. But, the new fact-of-life is, we are on our own if we are forced from our homes. The best solution will be to work together with others from your family or community to make the best of a bad situation. Hopefully, in the near future this relationship between citizens and their government will improve for the better.
So, protect your home as best you can. But if you are forced to leave, pack heavy – take everything you can manage. Have the mindset that you may never return home again; and then pack accordingly. Secure your home as if professional burglars will be breaking-in in your absence.
Once on the road for the evacuation centre or other safe location have the means to protect your family and your vehicle full of “stuff” from bandits. Do not allow anything to block your route to safety. Travel in convoy fashion and maintain communication via CB radios, GMRS or even texting via cellphones – not the drivers, either the navigator or assign another family member to be the communications officer for you vehicle.
If you are a lawful firearms owner, take them with you. Have a secure, transportation case(s).
Be prepared to take care of yourself, your family and whatever items you were able to flee with. There will be times when others can help you, but don't count on it. Your survival is up to you.
Questions From Class (QFC):
Review:
In this lesson we have discussed planning for an emergency that has forced you to be evacuated from your home for more than 72 hours. We have considered thirteen areas of concern that should be planned for. (Water, shelter, communication, transportation, nutrition, warmth, insulation/clothing, medical & dental, fire, illumination, repair kit, sanitation and protection.) And we have explored, albeit briefly, the mind set of never returning home and packing heavy for evacuation.
Questions To Class (QTC):
Why prepare for more than 72 Hours?
What should you consider when planning for more than 72 hours? Name 3. Name 7. Name 13.
Will you return home after the evacuation? Why?
Summation:
You have been an attentive class and I think many of you have shown a genuine interest in this topic. (You asked excellent questions.)
I think you have taken an important step in ensuring you & your family will be well taken care of in the event you ever have to survive a disaster. And I am confident that having been here today you will take the necessary steps to prepare for the future and be ready if and when the time comes.
To prepare for your next class I have two pieces of homework. The first is a self-evaluation form and the second is a skills assessment. These are tools to help you discover you. These will also help identify your strengths and areas that may require more development. Thus, you can focus energy on areas for your growth as a well rounded, aware person.
Thank you.
Your next lesson is with: ____________________________________________
Who will be discussing: ____________________________________________
At: ________ hrs, in the main lecture room. (or __________________________.)
SAFE 1 Self Eval Form 2018.png
SAFE 1 Skills Audit Form 2018.png
Part three will follow in the next day or two. Thank you for reading. V.A.M.